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Thursday 21st June 2018

Low IQ link to baby resuscitation

21st April 2009

Research by a team at Bristol's Southmead Hospital has shown children who were resuscitated when they were born have an increased likelihood of a low IQ at the age of eight.


The researchers looked at babies who had not been resuscitated with those who needed to receive treatment at birth.

Their findings, which were published in The Lancet, compared results from the Children of the 90s study.

The definition of a low IQ was one measuring below 80.

The team found that children who had been resuscitated had 65% more danger of a low IQ than those who did not receive any treatment.

Babies who were resuscitated and then required further treatment - which is known as encephalopathy- had "six times" the danger of having an IQ under 80.

The team wrote: "Infants who needed resuscitation, even if they did not develop encephalopathy in the neonatal period, had a substantially increased risk of a low full-scale IQ score."

"The data suggest that mild perinatal physiological compromise might be sufficient to cause subtle neuronal or synaptic (nerve cell junction) damage, and thereby affect cognition in childhood and potentially in adulthood."




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