Traction can lengthen the penis19th April 2011
Researchers in Italy have reviewed a number of studies into alleged penile enlargement treatments and found that traction can result in some extra length, while some of the surgical interventions were hazardous.
In a recent review of the medical literature on penis enlargement, Marco Orderda and Paolo Gontero of the University of Turin, concluded that non-surgical methods for increasing the length of the male sex organ did show results.
Others emphatically did not.
Orderda and Gontero, writing in the Journal of the British Association of Urological Surgeons, said that some surgical procedures were dangerous, with an "unacceptably high rate of complications".
They said that men were increasingly seeking the advice of urologists for what they believed to be abnormally short penises.
However, many of those who sought treatment were surprised to learn that they fell well within what is considered a normal penile length by the medical profession.
Most of the men tended to overestimate normal phallic dimensions, the authors said.
Measured on the upper side, also known as the dorsal side, a penis is considered normal if it measures more than 4 cm (1.6 inches) when flaccid and 7.5 cm (3 inches) when erect, according to most of the studies they surveyed.
However, height and body-mass index, or BMI, should also be taken into account, they said.
Orderda and Gontero looked at 10 relevant studies of penile enlargement procedures to appraise their safety and effectiveness.
Around 121 men had received surgery in about half of the studies, while 109 men had undergone non-invasive treatments.
They found that traction methods using penile extenders, which stretch the member over time, were the most effective.
In one study, participants reported an average increase of 1.8 cm (0.7 inches), while another showed an increase of 2.3 cm (0.9 inches) flaccid and 1.7 cm (0.67 inches) erect.
The gains in length were not offset by a loss of thickness, although thickness did not increase.
However, participants had to be in traction for 4-6 hours daily for four months in the first study, and for 4 hours a day for a six-month period in the second study.
They concluded that the process was an arduous one for the gains reported.
Six months of treatment with the "penis pump", which uses a vacuum to stretch the flesh, had little effect.
There was limited success for men with erectile dysfuntion with peno-scrotal rings, but not enough cases were evaluated for the study to draw a conclusion, the authors wrote.
Orderda and Gontero also said that popularly advertised "exercises" were unlikely to produce the desired result.
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Title: Traction can lengthen the penis
Author: Luisetta Mudie
Article Id: 18280
Date Added: 19th Apr 2011